What is retrofitting?
In the case of an old diesel car that wants to be transformed into an electrical one. The car first wants to shed off its inner combustion engine and different associated programs earlier than an electrical drivetrain could be retrofitted inside the current structural parameters of the old car.
Founder & CEO of EV expertise agency Altigreen, Dr Amitabh Saran says, “Here starts the issue, As you will first have to remove everything that is remotely connected to the fossil fuel power plant. This includes the engine, fuel lines, fuel tank, filters, AC unit and a lot more. What you get at the end of removing all this is the vehicle’s chassis and the cabin, wheels, brakes and anything that has to do with the driving of the vehicle.
Once you have removed all of that, you can start retrofitting an electric conversion kit which includes a motor, a controller to run that motor, a very strong wire harness and a battery pack, a battery management system and more. So you have to tailor this process for every model of old cars that need conversion, make sure it is safe and then the vehicle has to go for the type approval and receive endorsement by the RTO as an EV.”
Founder & CEO, Altigreen, Dr Amitabh Saran
Doing a ‘legal’ retrofit:
Based on these info, it is clear that retrofitting your old diesel into an EV is not a easy plug-and-play job. For prospects to have a secure expertise, authorities-accepted retrofitting amenities have been recognized to carry out these conversions. These authorised retrofitters additionally want to develop a standardised homologation course of that the retrofit kits want to go.
Homologation is the method of certifying that a car is highway worthy and passes the standards specified by the authorities to legally ply on roads. The tough half is that a customary homologation course of can be totally different for each mannequin of automotive and the EV package which is appropriate with it. Then there is additionally the matter of who bears the associated fee of the homologation. In one line, it is normally the authorised retrofitters who bear that value.
Does it make monetary sense?
As per Dr Amitabh Saran, “On an average, a 1kW lithium-ion battery costs around Rs 14,000 (approximately). For someone looking to convert their old SUV and get at least 250km of range from their retrofitted EV, they need a battery pack of around 25kW to 30 kW. Hence, the battery pack alone will cost at least Rs 3,50,000. Over this one would likely go in for an AC unit that will cost up to Rs 1 lakh. Moreover, the electric motor and other peripherals necessary to complete the conversion can go up to Rs 2.5-3 lakh. Now that is a significant investment on a 10-year-old vehicle.”
Kalyan C Korimerla, MD and co-promoter of ETrio, India’s first ARAI-licensed retrofitter, responded to TOI Auto saying, “The important considerations before going for retrofitment (ICE to EV conversion) are the age of the vehicle, the useful remaining life of the vehicle and the ability to get finance for the retrofitment. The cost varies depending on the type of kit, range etc. For a typical small car, the cost would be approximately INR 3-4 lakhs for the kit.” Korimerla additional famous, “Buying a new EV automotive is at all times higher from the shoppers’ perspective, particularly in phrases of warranties, reliability and the power to get financing. On the opposite hand, retrofitment makes extra financial sense for the industrial car phase, as it performs a pivotal position in including a new lease of life and efficiency to cargo automobiles used for logistics significantly.
Kalyan C Korimerla, MD and co-promoter of ETrio
Reports counsel that the Delhi authorities is on its closing leg of launching a web-based portal to streamline the method of retrofitting old automobiles. The portal will present a one-cease answer for car homeowners to get in contact with ARAI-authorised retrofitters throughout the nation. The portal will even have provisions for vetting, registration and endorsement of these retrofitted EVs.
What do you consider retrofitting an old automotive to an EV? Would you contemplate such an possibility and Why? Tell us within the feedback part beneath.